According to the newest edition of the 2015 Corruption Perceptions Index survey carried out by Transparency International, the perceived scale of corruption in Poland has been decreasing each year. Poland is ranked 30th among 68 countries with CPI of 62 points.
“The newest results of the survey carried out by Transparency International confirm that corruption exists in business trading both in Poland and around the world. Please note that the presented results regard only the perception of the phenomenon, not its actual level, which we tend to forget when preparing interpretations and developing conclusions”, said Rafał Turczyn, Forensic & Dispute Services Practice Leader, Deloitte.
The Corruption Perceptions Index measures corruption level in the public sector around the world as perceived by experts. According to the latest survey, more than two-thirds of the surveyed countries face serious corruption problems, including half of G20 members. According to authors of the survey, not one single country, anywhere in the world, is corruption-free.
The results of this year’s edition are not surprising: Denmark has become the leader (91 points). Top ranking positions of developed countries: the Scandinavian states, New Zealand, The Netherlands, Switzerland, Singapore and Canada confirm expectations. These countries share several characteristics, such as freedom of the press, access to information on State budget income and expenses, fair and independent jurisdictions.
Interestingly, this is the second consecutive year when the perceptions of corruption in Poland have been the same as in Taiwan. Our neighbors have taken lower places: Lithuania is ranked 32nd, Slovakia 50th, the Czech Republic 56th. Germany is the exception, being ranked 10th with the score of 81 points. The fact that in this edition more countries have improved than deteriorated gives a reason for optimism. Greece, Senegal and the UK have been the biggest winners improving each year.
But there are also losers: Brazil has deteriorated significantly, dropping by seven places, certainly as a result of the corruption scandal that cost Petrobras, the crude oil giant, the record amount of USD 2 billion. Despite substantial anti-corruption investments in Afghanistan, its position has also deteriorated compared to the previous year. African, West European and Central Asian countries have received the lowest scores. Somalia, North Korea, Afghanistan, Sudan, South Sudan, Angola, Libya, Iraq and Venezuela have closed this year’s ranking.
“By its nature, corruption is something to hide and therefore remains invisible for businesses and prevention agencies. Nevertheless, various jurisdictions have adopted local regulations dedicated to the problem, as well as transnational laws, such as US FCPA and UK Bribery Act, which allow a range of very serious sanctions both against individuals and entities should corruption occur. In today’s world, the problem of corruption in business affects not only the entities involved; in practice it often impacts authorities, supervisory bodies or foreign related parties”, points out Rafał Turczyn, Forensic & Dispute Services Practice Leader, Deloitte.